Section 497, 498, 87, 88 Cr. P.C …. Bail refusal of—absconsion of accused could not be refused only on the ground of absconsion—it was yet to be decided while keeping in view the facts, circumstances and merits of the case—absconder, though would lose some normal rights of bail but over all circumstanes had to be seen wihile deciding bail matter— Police and Trial court was to take the steps mentioned in section 87, 88 Cr.P.C to procure the attendance of accused and complete proceedings— If accused would become fugitive from law, it was obligatory on the trail court o initiate the proceedings under section 87, 88 Cr.P.C unless said action was taken accused could not be declared an absconder— Bail of accused could not be refused merely on the ground of absconsion, particailly when the process provided in the criminal Procedure Code 1898 for absconder had not been completed..
Protective Bail… Fundamental right— scope— access to competent court is a fundamental right guaranteed under the constitution—refusal to grant protective bail tantamount to denial of right to access to justice, which is fundamental to and an integral part of rule of law.
Advocate and Pleader— Scope— Pleader is entitled to appear for another and not for himself—- If one wants to represent his/her client as advocate then he (advocate) is not legally entitled to examine himself in place of his party (client) as for such purpose he has to unclothe his status as advocate and has to clothe with attorney/authorized agent.
Negligence of counsel did not constitute sufficient cause
Parties are bound by the acts and omissions of their counsel
in ase of any negligence on party of the counsel, parties could not claim that they were not to be held responsible.
Negligence on the party of advocate, has a binding effect on his client— any negligence on the party of the advocate, was binding upon party which had engaged the advocate— if pary would engage a counsel who was lacking sense of responsibility to the court, it was the party who should suffer and not the other side.
Section 12 judicial comity, doctrine of —- courts in Pakistan should respect and give effect to (subject to certain exceptions) the judicial decisions of other countries on the same subject under the principle of judicial Comity— foreign judgments were conclusive as to any matter thereby adjudicated upon and courts in Pakistan must recognize and enforce the same however before enforcing andy foreign judgment a court in Pakistan would have to ensure that it did not fall within any of the exception contained in section 13 CPC