Advocate and Pleader— Scope— Pleader is entitled to appear for another and not for himself—- If one wants to represent his/her client as advocate then he (advocate) is not legally entitled to examine himself in place of his party (client) as for such purpose he has to unclothe his status as advocate and has to clothe with attorney/authorized agent.
Negligence of counsel did not constitute sufficient cause
Parties are bound by the acts and omissions of their counsel
in ase of any negligence on party of the counsel, parties could not claim that they were not to be held responsible.
Negligence on the party of advocate, has a binding effect on his client— any negligence on the party of the advocate, was binding upon party which had engaged the advocate— if pary would engage a counsel who was lacking sense of responsibility to the court, it was the party who should suffer and not the other side.
Rule 12-A Civil Servant (Appointment, Promotion and Transfer) Rules 1973
Date of birth alternation … scope civil servant relying on academic certificate based on a sworn affidavit to seek change in his date of birth.. Such academic certificates could not sanctify the correct date of birth, unless material was proved before the civil court of competent, jurisdiction by recourse to a civil suit.
Civil servant relying on a medical certificate issued by a surgeon to seek change in his date of birth—Radiological reports were essential for determining the age of a person.. Medical certificate issued by a surgeon would not be of any significance, if the surgeon had not formed his opinion on the basis of Radiological reports.
Civil Servant relying on a certificate issued by the Executive District Officer(Education) to seek change in his date of birth.. Such certificate authorizing change in date of birth had no legal sanctity nor could bind the employer organization to change and or amend the service record.