Evidentiary Value of FIR

Evidentiary value of FIR

Section 154 Cr.P.C and articles 19, 49, 78 of Qanoon-e-Shahadat… FIR could not  treated as substantive evidence unless its maker admitted its contents on oath and passed through the test of cross examination, but it could be looked into term of article 19 of the qanoon-e-shahdat 1984 as a relevant fact for having been said by a person who happened to see or hear something about the occurrence as a bystander or a passerby shortly before or after the occurrence inasmuch as it formed part of the same transaction.. FIR could be looked into as a relevant fact to un-husk the lies, distortions and half-truth introduced at subsequent stage if proved in terms of articles 78 of the qanoon –e- shahadat 1984 which provided for proof of signature and handwriting of person alleged to have signed or witnessed such documents.. FIR could also be looked into as relevant fact for having been entered into the relevant register in term of articles of qanoon shahadat 1984 so long as it did not amount to confession.

2014 SCMR 749 Supreme Court of Pakistan