Geneva Convention

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Geneva Convention

Unread postby Admin » Sun Dec 02, 2012 10:39 am

[b]Geneva Convention[/b]
Geneva Conventions comprises four Conventions and three protocols which were based on international law for humanitarian treatment of the victims of war. Pakistan has sign on Convention on 12-08-1949 on fourth Convention.The Geneva Conventions entered into force on 21 October 1950. The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols are international treaties that contain the most important rules limiting the barbarity of war. They protect people who do not take part in the fighting (civilians, medics, aid workers) and those who can no longer fight (wounded, sick and shipwrecked troops, prisoners of war).
The first Geneva Convention protects wounded and sick soldiers on land during war.The second Geneva Convention protects wounded, sick and shipwrecked military.The third Geneva Convention applies to prisoners of war. And the fourth Geneva Convention affords protection to civilians, including in occupied territory.
Article 3 which is common in all four conventions states as under:-
Article 3, common to the four Geneva Conventions, marked a breakthrough, as it covered, for the first time, situations of non-international armed conflicts. These types of conflicts vary greatly. They include traditional civil wars, internal armed conflicts that spill over into other States or internal conflicts in which third States or a multinational force intervenes alongside the government. Common Article 3 establishes fundamental rules from which no derogation is permitted. It is like a mini-Convention within the Conventions as it contains the essential rules of the Geneva Conventions in a condensed format and makes them applicable to conflicts not of an international character:
It requires humane treatment for all persons in enemy hands, without any adverse distinction. It specifically prohibits murder, mutilation, torture, cruel, humiliating and degrading treatment, the taking of hostages and unfair trial.
It requires that the wounded, sick and shipwrecked be collected and cared for.
It grants the ICRC the right to offer its services to the parties to the conflict.
It calls on the parties to the conflict to bring all or parts of the Geneva Conventions into force through so-called special agreements.
It recognizes that the application of these rules does not affect the legal status of the parties to the conflict.
Given that most armed conflicts today are non-international, applying Common Article 3 is of the utmost importance. Its full respect is required.
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